Emergence of Circular Economy: A step towards Atmanirbhar Village

By auther pic. Shilpa Tiwari

July 16, 2021

Emergence of Circular Economy: A step towards Atmanirbhar Village


The Backdrop:

The global population continues to grow rapidly, increasing demand for raw materials, leading to a threat to the resource security. This challenge is further compounded by uncertainties caused due to climate change. Rural economy in particular is facing vulnerabilities that are affecting economic, environmental and social perspectives of development. Understanding this distressing scenario of rural India, there is a dire need to revamp and interlink the Agricultural and allied operations in such way that it will not only restore the ecological wellbeing but also create the opportunities for the rural employment.  

To address the livelihood insecurity and transform it to a sustainable livelihood pattern, BAIF Development and Research Foundation, introduced local loop based circularization in the livestock sector which has been witnessed in the HDFC Bank CSR funded Loksamrudhhi Project in Katol cluster of Nagpur district.


About Project Loksamrudhhi: 

Being a pioneer in livestock development in India, BAIF has partnered with HDFC Bank CSR and designed a livestock development focused project Loksamrudhhi in 6 villages of Katol Block in Nagpur district of Maharashtra. Under Loksamrudhhi, BAIF delivered modern livestock practices including artificial insemination, highly nutritive fodders, mineral mixtures, milking machines, and several such gears that have improved the productivity of livestock keeping on multiple parameters. With the collective efforts of the CSR wing, NGO partner, and community members, the project has increased the milk and meat production among the project villages to increase the linear economic benefits of livestock keeping. Furthermore, the value chain development surrounding livestock keeping activities, products and by-products has led to vibrant enterprise development which has further become a motivating incentive model for the emerged circular economy.

The beneficial use of cow dung in agriculture has been known to mankind and especially to Indians for centuries. BAIF has also conceived the “Integrated Renewable Energy and Sustainable Agriculture (IRESA)” approach that presents a complete package, comprising of a portfolio of activities around the central theme of household level manure management via family-sized biogas units along with BAIF’s slurry filter. Furthermore, our efforts were towards developing and deploying innovative technologies, with a focus on cow dung, creating value chains, and enterprise solutions based on circular economy pathways. With the help of the model, participant families could generate vermi compost almost 50% faster than that of standard required time from the digested cake. To take this intervention at scalable level, increasing number of Biogas plants and linking them to the FPO led enterprise which will produce Organic Manure (PROM-Phosphate Rich Organic Manure) from the slurry derivatives and other required bio gradients is planned.


Salient Features 

At every stage of this circularisation, BAIF introduced appropriate technologies and methods for value chain development around livestock products and by-products. As per the key principle of circular economy, responsible production and consumption has been taken care of with the appropriate integration of renewable energy and advanced value chains. The waste product of one system is being used as a raw product of another system ensuring the optimum use of available resources.  With such programmatic interventions, a circular economy has emerged in this project. The project showed how integrating the circular economy within integrated livelihood projects are more likely to stimulate a sustainable production-consumption system and form a green economy. Significantly, the project interventions have yielded series of new enterprising opportunities. This in turn will lead to sustainability in social and environmental systems.

The Loksamrudhhi project could transcend the prevalent traditional circularization in integrated agriculture-livestock livelihood systems to value chains devised through social enterprise developed at every step of livestock development. The reduced agricultural input costs due to availability of bio fertilizers and bio pesticides and income generation through social enterprises have worked as incentives for adopting advanced circularization strategies. All in all, through this entire system, local GDP will get a significant boost, local green jobs will be created and rural economy will be self-reliant by reducing the dependency on the external resources. 


Also Read: Kumari GN Provides Nutrition with her Anganwadi Kitchen Garden


Shilpa Tiwari is a New Delhi based Content Specialist with three decades of experience. She has worked extensively on a variety of researches and curricula across K12, Higher Education, Corporate and Social Development sectors. A Master’s degree in English Literature and a degree in French from Delhi University, alongwith International Business Programme from IIFT, most certainly provides Shilpa an added expertise to work as a Consultant on various research and consulting projects with Corporates, Educational Institutions, Publications, CSR Foundations and NGOs.


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