Improving household level Sanitation in Jaipur

By auther pic. Mahila Housing Sewa Trust

November 12, 2019

Improving household level Sanitation in Jaipur

Information regarding process to avail SBM subsidy is disseminated to women residents


Focus on sanitation has gained prominence at National level with launch of Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), in October 2014 by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi. The programme focuses on the provision of household, community and public toilet facilities, alongside with improvements in solid waste management practices and capacity building for ULBs. As part of SBM, household applicants from urban area can avail subsidy of INR 12,000 to construct individual household latrine. The residents of urban slums have an opportunity to avail benefit for construction of toilet, but not all are aware regarding the process. Assuming the complexity and consumption of time residents never make efforts to avail these benefits.


Mahila Housing Sewa Trust (MHT) started mobilizing residents and assisting them with launch of this scheme. In June 2017, MHT intervened in slums in Jaipur to get access to water and sanitation to their households. Sensitization meetings, video shows, street plays, community based organization trainings and formation of community action groups were facilitated by MHT is these slums. Through these activities residents were made aware about existing scheme benefits, how to avail and the procedure to follow.


Over the course of two years MHT assisted 398 slum residents to fill in forms and submit to concerned municipal office to avail subsidy under SBM for constructing household latrine. Along with on ground verification MHT also gave technical assistance to Jaipur Nigam’s zone officials to process these applications. These installments were released in three subsidies in beneficiary’s bank account. With lack of technical competence and knowledge beneficiaries often denied to start construction and invest required resources. Towards this MHT conducted meetings and gave technical knowledge about construction of toilet and ways to procure material and required resources. The path from filling in applications to releasing first subsidy amount in beneficiary’s account has been illustrated below to better understand the process.


170 households have successfully completed toilet construction availing subsidy from SBM, these residents also invested their own resources. With MHTs mobilization activities 153 household constructed toilet investing own money, considering the need they did not wait for subsidy amount to release. 323 households now have access to safe sanitation in slums of Sarai Bawdi, Kajiwada, Chawand ka Mand and Anand colony.


Barkha Devi is a resident of Sarai Bawdi, an urban slum in the outskirts of Jaipur, with no water or sewer lines. Over the past year, she has filled a Swacch Bharat Mission IHHL form and begun the process of constructing a toilet in her own house. Until few months ago, Barkha Devi would have to walk to the jungle behind her slum every time she wanted to use a toilet, search for a discreet spot to relieve herself and then walk back home. Each time this process would take up half an hour of her time. If she wanted to go at night, she would have to wake her husband, because it is an unsafe area after dark, or hold it in.


When MHT first began to work in Sarai Bawdi, the residents did not have the means and the voice to present their demands to the Jaipur Nagar Nigam or Public Health and Engineering Department or air their grievances. While the slum has yet to be connected to a sewer lines, residents like Barkha Devi are constructing soak pits mobilizing her own resources, so that they can begin using their toilets at the earliest. Barkha Devi now uses the toilet at her convenience and does not have to consider it a task to relieve herself. “We have found a voice to state our demands to the Nagar Nigam and PHED office. Earlier, we did not have a collective voice. With MHTs’ trainings, we have come together to claim the services we should have access to. Having access to a toilet has given me dignity and great comfort.”


Improving sanitation facilities in rural households

Urmila Devi, 36 years lives in Anand Colony since past 10 years. The residents of Anand colony purchased land parcels some 15 years ago from land owner, who then issued residents patta in name of society. Forest officials claim that portion of this development comes under their jurisdiction. Due to uncertainty and clarity in land ownership residents do not have access to electricity and sanitation services. Urmila Devi lives with five of her family members along with managing household chores she spends her time in cattle rearing earning 1000 INR a month. Recently she has constructed toilet at her home availing SBM subsidy of 12000 INR with MHTs support. The settlement is located on rocky surface and in absence of sewer lines she had to construct soak pit for disposal of waste from toilet. Laborers asked for increased daily wage sighting rocky surface. Urmila Devi’s family themselves dug 10 feet deep pit to save money. Bringing of raw material required them to walk for long distance. Moreover due to absence of electricity material like tile which requires cutting was to be managed from outside only then brought to the house. She narrates that, “It took almost two months for us to construct toilet where we also invested our labour and approximately 4000 INR. But I feel happy and comforted now that I and my family can access toilet at door step”


Urmila Devi and her family saves lot of time which they otherwise invested while defecating in open. They had to wake up before sunrise and hold it in if there was in emergency in night due to fear of animals approaching from surrounding areas. Their health, safety and dignity is ensured now with access to toilet.



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Mahila Housing Sewa Trust (MHT)’s mission is to organize and empower women in poor communities to improve their habitat.


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