Last Updated:  30/03/2021

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Project Pitch By: BAIF Development Research Foundation


Proposed Project Title

Sustainability Approaches to address Water Security and Governance


Thematic Area

Ensuring environmental sustainability, ecological balance, wildlife & natural resources conservation

Sub Thematic Area

Natural Resources Conservation

Project Synopsis

In the 2011 census, India entered the league of water-deficient nations. The annual per capita availability of water fell from 1,820 m3 in 2001 to 1,545 m3 in 2011 marking India's entry into the water-stressed category. Around 70% of India's freshwater resources withdrawn is consumed in the agriculture sector alone. Climate change is another factor affecting our natural resources, economic activities, and food security having devastating impact on India. Considering the water scarcity issues aggravated further by climate change risks, the project aims to address it through sustainability approaches viz, water governance, clean drinking water availability, climate change adaptation, landscape degradation neutrality measures for secured livelihoods by undertaking various interventions and capacity-building measures. The integrated watershed management approach is expected to improve the status of water availability, Soil Organic Carbon (SOC), and reduce climate related risks leading to increase in families Agri based income by 30%-40%.

Overview of the Proposed Project

Estimated Budget
INR 5.0 Cr and above
Proposed Location
Rajasthan, Gujrat, Karnataka

Key Project Partners
Government,Academic Institute,Gram Panchayat

Project Status


Beneficiary Type (Primary): Farmers
Beneficiary Type (Secondary): Youth
Estimated No. of Beneficiaries: 1000 and above Families
Status of Baseline Survey: Yet To Be Done

Proposed Project Description

Proposed Project interventions for the issues elisted are as follows:

Drinking Water (Quality and Access to water): Considering a struggle by rural community, especially women for the access to clean drinking water,it is proposed to assess the quality and quantity of drinking water availability and implement the interventions to ensure round the year availability of drinking water.

Landscape Degradation Neutrality Measures (LDN): As per the ISRO estimates, the extent of land degradation in India is at 96.4 million hectares (around 30% of total land area). While the targets planned by 2030 are only 26 million hectares which indicates a huge gap of 70 million hectares. In alignment with this BAIF is aimed to contribute to this national goal through implementation of various LDN measures. The interventions such as;

  • Map baseline for natural capital and undertake measures for soil health, land use and land cover, land productivity and water availability.
  • Map ecosystem services and implement measures to improve ecosystem functioning
  • The monitoring and verification of indicators will be done through remote sensing, open source QGIS 

Water Foot Print interventions: In agriculture, cereals alone account for over 50% of the dietary water footprint. Therefore, there is a huge potential opportunity for interventions of efficient water use in Indian agriculture. The measures like drip, sprinklers, mulching, intensive cropping systems and other agronomical measures that reduces water print will be promoted.

Climate Change Adaptation and mitigation: The climate actions are proposed to minimize the risks in rain fed farming. Spatio-temporal variation in rainfall, temperature, high intensity rains have made various regions highly vulnerable. Practices like improvement of Soil Organic Carbon (SOC), resilient varieties of crops, advisories, contingency planning and low cost smart animal housing will be promoted to minimize the climate risks.

Ecosystem Restoration: In order to reinstate the degradation in ecosystem, it is proposed to map the ecosystem services and develop a plan for the cluster. Conservation and plantation of local species suitable to existing agro climatic conditions with approach and plan in the agro ecological interventions based on understanding crop diversity, flora and fauna diversity and interactions in improving the productivity.

Application of Innovative Solutions: To reduce impacts of water scarcity, it is proposed to identify the potential for application of innovative solutions such as dew harvesting, reducing evaporation losses, air moisture harvesting, spring shed management, solar powered lift irrigation systems etc. the solutions will be mapped and accordingly implementation will be done.

Water Governance: For sustainability of initiatives, water governance is an important factor. Institutions like water management committees, Gram Panchayat and upscaling of best practices through influence and linkages will be the measures to address the sustainability approaches to reduce the water scarcity.

Capacity building: For the success and sustainability of approaches, there is a need of sensitization about degradation in ecosystem, climate change phenomenon and adopt the technological solutions and practices to rehabilitate soil for sustainable livelihood. The trainings, exposure visits and demonstration are needed to build capacities to take forward the process of sustainability approaches in reducing water scarcity to next level.


For successful implementation of the above mentioned activities following is the approach:

  • Identification of a cluster of about 2000 to 2500-hectare landscape consisting 3-5 villages. Conducting initial surveys related to the factors responsible for water scarcity and prepare a plan for the interventions in participatory manner.
  • Community participation from project inception i.e. from planning, implementation and post project management will be ensured by professional team consisting social scientists, experts in water technologies, agriculture and thematic areas.


Expected Outcomes are:

  • The drinking water security is achieved
  • The soil restoration approach integrated with watershed management resulted in improvement of the status of water availability, Soil Organic Carbon (SOC), and reduction in climate risks.
  • The soil and water conservation treatment has also resulted in increase in soil moisture making crops resilient to dry spell. Rise in water table increase in the range of 1 to 3 meter
  • Increase in crop production by 25-40% leading to increase in income of families by 30-40%


Impact: Developing replicable solutions through water security for sustainable livelihood development by ensuring resilience and enriched environment for the long term wellbeing of the human being.


Salient Features

  1. Soil Restoration approach integrated with watershed management resulting in improved the status of water availability, Soil Organic Carbon (SOC), and reduction in climate risks.
  2. Soil and water conservation treatment resulting crop resilient to dry spell leading to increase in crop production by 25-40%. It is expected to increase the income of farmers by 30-40%
  3. Increase in Ground water table by 1 to 3m.

About BAIF Development Research Foundation

Dr. Manibhai founded BAIF in 1967, with a vision to build a self-reliant, sustainable rural economy, generating gainful employment opportunities though agro based enterprises. With this overarching vision, BAIF’s development journey began with its doorstep livestock development model catalysing efforts for cattle breed enhancement in India. Over the years BAIF successfully developed various multidisciplinary models to fuel rural development efforts and provide economic growth opportunities for poorest of the poor.

Committed to sustainable rural development BAIF developed pivotal models to support integrated tribal development, ensure optimum utilization of natural resources, increase clean energy access and facilitate social empowerment of communities. Scientific and action Research is an integral part of BAIF’s work and successful initiatives are scaled up through fruitful long-term partnerships with government and non-government organizations.


The multidisciplinary programs of BAIF and its Associate Organizations are spread across 320 districts reaching out to over 4.38 million families. Through these widespread programs the organization is able to facilitate socio-economic transformation of rural poor families and catalyse sustainable rural development. 


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