Last Updated:  05/11/2019

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Project Pitch By: Caritas India


Proposed Project Title

Eco system based Disaster Risk Reduction


Thematic Area

Ensuring environmental sustainability, ecological balance, wildlife & natural resources conservation

Sub Thematic Area

Natural Resources Conservation

Project Synopsis

The ECO system based Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) program will primarily focus on the local community from 4 districts in J&K which is the most vulnerable and resides in the bank of River Jhelum and Asia’s biggest Wooler Lake. The intervention will target with 30 villages, 18 Gram panchayat and 6 block which will cover almost 9000 household with approx..40,000 population specially focus to Gadhanji, Bohram, Nazar and Shakshaz community. Intervention will sensitize the community on disaster preparedness, strengthen community, formation of various youth groups (Disaster management team) and established linkages with relevant government agencies, strengthening the local administration and create an opportunity to become the first responded of any disaster. The project will create DRR module from the experience and that can be replicate in the different state and platform across the country.

Overview of the Proposed Project

Estimated Budget
INR 0.6 Cr - INR 1.0 Cr
Proposed Location
Pulwama, Srinagar, Anantnag

Key Project Partners
Government,Academic Institute,Gram Panchayat

Project Status
Already Implemented-Replicable


Beneficiary Type (Primary): Youth
Beneficiary Type (Secondary): Children
Estimated No. of Beneficiaries: 1000 and above Families
Status of Baseline Survey: Already Done

Proposed Project Description

Rational of the project: Jammu and Kashmir floods are a pure witness of human induced concretization of the damage to ecosystem. Declared as one of the worst urban disasters of 2014, Jammu and Kashmir floods were a result of unplanned and unorganized development. Even the well-organized and cohesive societies couldn’t withstand the expanding flood waters, let alone the unorganized and vulnerable communities that bore the maximum brunt of this calamity.  The existing socio-political scenario of Kashmir further puts the communities at risk. Within the communities itself, women and children have minimal access to resources and services and hence lack alternative coping options.

The State witnessed devastating floods in September 2014 killing almost 300 people and damaging over 2,50,000 houses fully or severely. The floods affected almost all the Districts of the State.  More than 5,50,000 people were displaced and had to be provided temporary shelter. Local communities are not involved in any kind of disaster preparedness programme. There is lackluster approach of government institutions in implementing rehabilitation measures for flood victims. The main reason behind failure of government measures could be the inaccurate assessment of ground realities. The absence of community-based institutions has lead the people deprived of the dignified services they deserve. Community does not have any mechanism to monitor and evaluate the programmes that are being made available to them and to ensure inclusive development.

The level of awareness, information, capacity building and affordability to access their rights is very miniscule. Encroachment of the wetlands in the valley has gradually aggravated to such large scale calamities. Dotted with wetlands that act as a natural store of peak water flows, Kashmir has overtly exploited them for urbanization. Integration of environmental factors within the way of life excels the capacities in reducing disaster risk. In Kashmir, the youth, women and children are very active but can be easily influenced due the current political scenario. Hence mobilizing them and directing their action as first responders and capitalisation of their potential for disaster risk reduction is necessary.

Caritas India initiated to designed Eco system-based disaster risk reduction (Eco DRR) as an emerging and approach to build the resilience community in the Kashmir velley. The project has taken a participatory, holistic, integrated approach to adaption and disaster risk reduction, using ecosystems to reduce the vulnerability and increase the resilience of people and ecosystems to the impacts of climate change and to the risks of disasters. The project has targeted 30 prone villages located in woller lake and the bank of Jhelum river across 4 districts in Kashmir.  The intervention majorly involved the community for its vulnerability mapping, hazard mapping, risk assessment and resource inventory development leading to early identification of signs of disaster, increased level preparedness and leading to mitigation of disaster. The project will emphasize on capacitate the different groups like Disaster Management team, children group,  DRR team, Community Based Groups (CBG) by train and involving them in different level of administration and linkages with govt. and like-minded organization for disaster and entrepreneurship development programmes. The project specifically aims to rescue both current and future impact of climate change and vulnerabilities of people and eco system.

Thus, developing the capacities of the vulnerable groups (youth, women and children) and sensitizing communities and leaders on the need for risk reduction in disaster prone areas through effective preparedness (to address acceptable risks) and mitigation activities (to address unacceptable risks) could minimize the impact of future potential hazards.


Assesment and Intervention logic: Based on the survey assessment reports, Caritas India held a week-long exercise with individual partners to discuss the interventions required and three main following intervention areas were identified:

  • Community Mobilization
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Livelihoods Support


The proposed interventions were in line with the Caritas India Thematic Framework:

Caritas India Thematic Framework

Proposed Interventions


Community managed institutions are functioning effectively for ensuring good governance.


Community Mobilization

Community Institutions

Self Help Groups

Resource Centers

Advocacy with Government

Enhance and diversify livelihood options for the communities


Livelihood Support


Skills Development Support

Advocacy & Awareness

Financial Inclusion


Communities are better prepared to respond to the impact of disaster and have safeguard in place  


Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness

Building Preparedness

Early Warning System

Training & Orientation

Capacity Building of communities

Project Result areas:


“Contribute to strengthening community institutions, enhancing community preparedness & response for disaster mitigation, promoting livelihood opportunities for vulnerable population”


DRR related groups/children are functional and effectively engage in risk reduction in villages by end of project.
Villages/communities have improved their DRR practices and responding to disasters effectively.
Families have improved their natural capital stock (on farm/off farm) through accessing government resources 


  • DRR related groups/children are functional and effectively engage in risk reduction in villages by end of project.
  • Villages/communities have improved their DRR practices and responding to disasters effectively.
  • Families have improved their natural capital stock (on farm/off farm) through accessing government resources 

Salient Features

  1. Community mobilization and support:The project will emphasize on Conduct risk analysis, develop a community response plan, including an early warning
  2. Building a resilient community:To make community resilient a participatory mapping and context analysis of local communities (current situation, resou
  3. Environment Sustainability and natural conservation: The project shall focus on how potential natural resources such as land, other natural resources,

About Caritas India

Caritas India is the official development arm of Catholic Church in India. She has been engaged in development programs for the poor and marginalized all over the country since 1962 and for the past 56 years, she has been working tirelessly in the Social Sector addressing various issues related to this field. In the last fifty years Caritas India had reached out to millions of marginalized and helped them overcome poverty and deprivation.

In the past five decades, Caritas India has contributed significantly to nation building by supporting 22,945 projects to tune of Rs. 13,730 million. With a shift from Charity and welfare mode to Rights Based Approach, the strategic role of Caritas India has gone beyond funding the projects, hand-holding hundreds of development organisations to increasing their capacities for achieving greater levels of effectiveness whilst upholding organisational autonomy.

Resultantly, with a large spectrum of development interventions across the country, Caritas India is recognized one of the leading NGOs in poverty alleviation through Climate adaptive sustainable agriculture and livelihood, Emergencies, Disaster Risk Reduction & Peace Building, Community Health Care, Tribal Development, Child Protection & Development, Anti-Human Trafficking and Dalit Inclusion & Development


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