Creating Sustainable Solid Waste Management Solutions for Cleaner, Safer and Beautiful Delhi- CSR Projects India

Last Updated:  06/08/2019


Project Pitch By: Indo Global Social Service Society


Proposed Project Title

Creating Sustainable Solid Waste Management Solutions for Cleaner, Safer and Beautiful Delhi


Thematic Area

Ensuring environmental sustainability, ecological balance, wildlife & natural resources conservation

Sub Thematic Area

Recycling & Waste Management

Project Synopsis

Solid waste management (SWM) is one of the major environmental problems of Indian cities. Improper management of municipal solid waste (MSW) causes hazards to inhabitants. Various studies reveal that about 90% of MSW is disposed of unscientifically in open dumps and landfills, creating problems to public health and the environment. Through this project we propose to create ‘Zero Waste locality’ through ‘Waste to Manure’ strategy. To achieve this, we desire to promote ‘Source Segregation Practice of Wet and Dry Waste in Communities’ and create ‘Materials Recovery Facilities (MRF)’, which can give community a sustainable future. Furthermore, our effort to assist waste collectors to be recognized as ‘green labour’ is geared towards creating a sustainable model of waste to manure within community sphere.Waste collectors will collect household waste from identified points and bring those to ‘MRF’ to convert into ‘Bio culture’ and ‘Aerobic Compost’.

Overview of the Proposed Project

Estimated Budget
INR 0.3 Cr - INR 0.6 Cr
Proposed Location

Key Project Partners
Government,Academic Institute,NGOs

Project Status


Beneficiary Type (Primary): Targetted Households
Beneficiary Type (Secondary):
Estimated No. of Beneficiaries: Upto 100 Individuals
Status of Baseline Survey: Already Done

Proposed Project Description

Chittaranjan Park (C.R. Park) is an affluent neighborhood in South Delhi, and home to a large Bengali community. Municipal corporations have struggled to handle issues of waste in the terms of segregation, collection, transportation and disposal. Uncontrolled dumping of wastes on outskirts of towns and cities has created overflowing landfills, which are not only impossible to reclaim because of the haphazard manner of dumping, but also have serious environmental implications in terms of ground water pollution and contribution to global warming.


In the absence of waste segregation practices, recycling has remained to be an informal sector working on outdated technology, but nevertheless thriving owing to waste material availability and market demand of cheaper recycled products.. Per capita generation of waste varies from 200 gm to 600 gm per capita / day and it is growing at an alarming rate.  The waste generation rate for Delhi is about 700 gm/person/day, which is almost five times the national average. Recently government has launched  ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’. One of our  main priorities  is  to  initiate  a  series  of  community  level  action  to  create  equilibrium  between ‘Cleanliness within communities’, ‘better services to residents’ and ‘environment protection’ in coming years. Furthermore, our effort to assist waste collectors to be recognized as ‘green labour’ is geared towards creating a sustainable model of waste to manure within community sphere.


The solid waste management rules 2016 mandated that the waste processing facilities will have to be set up by all local bodies having 1 million or more population. The rules also fix responsibility of generators to segregate waste into three categories – Wet, Dry and Hazardous and the generator will have to pay ‘User Fee’ to the waste collector. In this project we propose to create ‘Zero Waste locality’ through ‘Waste to Manure’ strategy. The suggested model of waste management is based on the premise that waste needs to be managed at the community level itself with active participation of waste generators. Also owing to landfill shortages and the need for increased resource efficiency, there is a need to move away from the waste treatment approach and move towards waste prevention, commonly summarized as 4Rs: Reduction, Reuse, Recycling and Recovery.

The following waste management hierarchy is suggested:

  1. Wherever possible, waste reduction is the preferable option.
  2. If waste is produced, every effort should be made to reuse it if practicable.
  3. Recycling is the third option in the waste management hierarchy. Although recycling does help to conserve resources and reduce wastes, it is important to remember that there are economic and environmental costs associated with waste collection and recycling. For this reason, recycling should only be considered for waste which cannot be reduced or reused.
  4. Finally, it may be possible to recover materials or energy from waste which cannot be reduced, reused or recycled.

Community-based composting is an ideal form of recycling, as it reduces truck hauling for managing garbage and involves local community to take responsibility of its waste. Finished compost is more readily available for growing food by households, urban and rural farms, community gardens, and school gardens. It is also available for low-impact development and green infrastructure such as green roofs, green streets. In short, community composting builds more resilient and sustainable communities.

These are some of the issues that the project will address:

No System of Primary Collection from the Doorstep

There is no public system of primary collection from the source of waste generation. The waste discharged here and there is later collected by municipal sanitation workers through street sweeping, drain cleaning, etc. Street sweeping has, thus become the principal method of primary collection.

Irregular Street Sweeping

Even street sweeping is not carried out on a day-to-day basis in most cities and towns in India. Generally commercial roads and important streets are prioritized and rest of the streets are swept occasionally or not swept at all. The tools used for street sweeping are generally inefficient and outdated.

Waste Storage Depots

As waste is collected through traditional handcarts/tricycles that can carry only a small quantity of waste at a time, there is a practice to set up depots for temporary storage of waste to facilitate transportation through motorized vehicles.

Transportation of Waste

Transportation of waste from the waste storage depots to the disposal site is done through a variety of vehicles, a few cities use modern hydraulic vehicles but most of the transport vehicles are old and open. They are usually loaded manually. The fleet is generally inadequate and utilization inoptimal. Inefficient workshop facilities do not do much to support this old and rumbling squad of squalid vehicles. The traditional transportation system does not synchronize with the system of primary collection and secondary waste storage facilities and multiple manual handling of waste results.               

Processing of Waste

Only a few cities have been practising decentralized or centralized composting on a limited scale using aerobic or anaerobic systems of composting. In some towns un-segregated waste is put into the pits and allowed to decay for more than six months and the semi-decomposed material is sold out as compost. In some large cities aerobic compost plants of 100 MT to 700 MT capacities are set up but they are functioning much below installed capacity. A few towns are practicing vermi- composting on a limited scale.

Disposal of Waste

Disposal of waste is the most neglected area of SWM services and the current practices are grossly unscientific. These sites emanate foul smell and become breeding grounds for flies, rodent, and pests. Liquid seeping through the rotting organic waste called leachate pollutes underground water and poses a serious threat to health and environment. Landfill sites also release landfill gas with 50 to 60 per cent methane by volume. Methane is 21 times more potent than carbon dioxide aggravating problems related to global warming.             


Salient Features

  1. Increased awareness about SWM: -Exposes community members to the concept of reduce, reuse and recycle of waste,Educates children and the public about
  2. Local Economy, Jobs Training & Employment Benefits:-Stimulates and diversifies local economies by supporting local small-scale enterprises,Encourages
  3. Volunteering Opportunities: -They will get an insight into the complexities of underprivileged existence and health and solid waste management as comp

About Indo Global Social Service Society

IGSSS is a non-profit development organization, established in 1961 to support development programmes across India, especially to empower the vulnerable communities and grassroots community based organizations. We are accredited by Credibility Alliance, Give2Asia, GlobalGiving, NGO Darpan (NITI Aayog) and BSE Sammaan. Our subject matter experts come with hard core experience of designing, monitoring, evaluating and implementing impactful programmes using innovative community mobilization techniques. Real needs of communities and sustainability are the core of our programme design.We have robust systems and processes in place ensuring timely delivery in accordance with stringent compliance requirements.We have experience in piloting and scaling up programmes.


IGSSS brings more than 5 decades of on ground work experience across diverse thematic areas of Sustainable Livelihoods, Urban Poverty, Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation, Youth Development and Gender Equity. Our value for money approach and focus on sustainability offer win-win proposition to our corporate partners.



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