Last Updated:  25/06/2020

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Project Pitch By: Thuvakkam


Proposed Project Title

Urban Forestry


Thematic Area

Ensuring environmental sustainability, ecological balance, wildlife & natural resources conservation

Sub Thematic Area

Natural Resources Conservation

Project Synopsis

Urban forestry is a project which uses the “Miyawaki” method of afforestation to create a miniature forest in a specific area. This is a project done to implement an organic faster growth of native forest in a locality. In this project, the plants are planted in a shorter radius using the Miyawaki technique. This increases the growth rate by approximately 10%. Thuvakkam team uses this methodology to create miniature forests at different locations in and around the city with the help of various other organizations, government agencies, and supporters. The whole timeline of the project and its cost depend on the land area where the project is to be implemented. Thuvakkam has successfully completed over 14+ such projects in a span of 1 year around the southern parts of India and has showcased in reality the positive change this project can create to the environment and society.

Overview of the Proposed Project

Estimated Budget
below INR 0.3 Cr
Proposed Location
Chennai, Tiruvallur, Kanchipuram

Key Project Partners

Project Status


Beneficiary Type (Primary): Environment
Beneficiary Type (Secondary): All living Organisms
Estimated No. of Beneficiaries: 1000- 3000 Individuals
Status of Baseline Survey: Under Process

Proposed Project Description

Urban Forestry (Miyawaki), is a greenery initiative that uses the “Miyawaki” technique – founded by Akira Miyawaki which involves growing a variety of Indigenous species of trees to create a naturally resilient forest. Thuvakkam has adopted this technique and made a few changes based on the regional environment.  The advantages of this project are that;

  • A miniature forest can be created starting from a small land area of 1000 sq. ft onwards.
  • Native trees are chosen based on soil health according to the region.
  • Soil is enriched with Nutrients using Manure, Water Retainer, Perforator, and so on.
  • Trees are planted at a distance of 2 to 3 feet from each other.
  • High nutrient and proper maintenance at the initial stage will lead to a high growth rate in a short span of time. 

The project involves the planting of native trees closer to each other within a 2 to 3 ft distance after enriching the soil with rich nutrients. The whole methodology of the project involves three phases. Each process has two main steps for the implementation of the project

  • Phase 1: Land scoping & readiness

At the initial phase, the soil from the selected land is tested and documented. Post the soil test, the suitable trees sapling for plantation and soil enrichment nutrients are chosen. Once the Documentation is done, the land area is marked and existing soil is excavated and stored. This excavated soil is used in Phase 2. Excavators (JCBs) are used for digging the soil from the selected land area. A minimum of 3 ft depth is dug to enrich the soil at phase 2

  • Phase 2: Land preparation

Once the land is ready based on the soil test, soil enrichment nutrients are added in the landed in needed proportions.  This is mixed with existing soil or red soil in the excavated pit based on the type of sand/soil available at the location. The materials which are usually used for soil enrichment are;

  • Perforator             – Rice Husk / Wheat Husk 
  • Water Retainer     – Coco Beat / Saw Dust / Bagasse
  • Fertilizer               – Cow Dung, Manure and Vermicompost
  • Mulching Material – Straw 

Post the soil is mixed with nutrients and enriched, the plantation is planned and the locations of each sapling are fixed for plantation. Care is taken as to no same family tree saplings are planted together. The reason is when different family species are planted next to each other there exists a competition between the saplings for sun and water which helps in faster growth of the sapling.

  •  Phase 3: Plantation & Mulching

Once the land is prepared, the land is ready for plantation. For a land area of approximately 1000 sq. ft, a minimum of 150 trees to a maximum of 250 can be planted. This plantation is distributed layer-wise as shown below;

  • Shrub Layer: 8 to 12%
  • Sub Tree Layer: 25 to 30%
  • Tree Layer: 40 to 50%
  • Canopy Layer: 15 to 20%

The Urban forestry project will take approximately 15 to 30 days for completion. This stated timeline is assumed if Urban forestry execution is at a 1000 sq. ft land area. Therefore, by the size of the land area, the project completion timeline will vary. In the case of Natural calamities or heavy rain, the project work will be postponed to a suitable time. 


Salient Features

  1. A miniature forest can be created starting from a small land area of 1000 sq. ft onwards
  2. Native trees are chosen based on soil health according to the region
  3. Growth rate is 10 times faster and plantation is 30 times much denser

About Thuvakkam

Thuvakkam is a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) that started in the year 2014 by a bunch of like-minded college-going engineering students. With over 5 years now, Thuvakkam is a rapidly growing organization working towards the betterment of society. Thuvakkam works in the fields of Environment, Education, and Humanity. The main change initiatives of Thuvakkam include but are not limited to Pasumai Thuvakkam (Greenery initiatives), Clean up After Dark, Creative Art Work, Karka Kasadara (Education), Modern Thandora, Mannin maindhargal (Humanity) and Kural (Positive Journalism).

With over 500+ events completed, 50000+ lives impacted by engaging 18500+ volunteers, and clocking 78000+ volunteering hours, Thuvakkam is growing stronger day by day to create the change that it wishes to see in society. 

Pasumai Thuvakkam is a greener initiative started out by Thuvakkam to create a sustainable greener environment.  Under this program, various projects ranging from Native Tree Plantation/Maintenance, Kitchen/Herbal Gardening, Seedball Making, and Urban Forestry are carried out.


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