Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) 2019 'Early Years'

By ASER On 20 January 2020
Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) 2019 'Early Years'

About ASER

ASER is a nation-wide household survey that provides data on children's schooling and learning for a representative sample of children across rural India. Children in the age group 3 to 16 are surveyed to find out their enrollment status in pre-school or school. Children in the age group 5 to 16 are assessed one-on-one to understand their basic reading and arithmetic abilities.

Since 2005, ASER continues to be the only annual source of information about children's foundational skills across the country. ASER reaches almost all rural districts of India and generates district, state, and national estimates of foundational reading and arithmetic abilities of children in the age group 5 to 16.

Starting its second decade of existence in 2016, ASER switched to an alternate-year cycle, where the 'basic' ASER described above is conducted every other year (2016, 2018, and next in 2020). In alternate years, ASER focuses on a different aspect of children's schooling and learning. In 2017, ASER 'Beyond Basics' focused on the abilities, activities, awareness, and aspirations of youth in the 14 to 18 age group across 28 districts in the country. In 2019, ASER aims to shine the spotlight on the early years, reporting on the schooling status as well as on a range of important developmental indicators for young children in the age group 4 to 8 across 26 districts in the country.

What is ASER 2019 'Early Years'?

ASER 'Early Years' reports on the pre-schooling or schooling status of children in the age group 4 to 8 and, in addition, explores their performance on some competencies that international research has identified as important predictors of future success.

These competencies have been categorized into four domains: cognitive development, early language, early numeracy, and social and emotional development.

  • Cognitive development: Cognitive ability helps build problem-solving, memory, logical reasoning, and creative thinking skills in young children. These skills help children think, explore and make meaning of the world around them. They are fundamental to any kind of learning in school or in life. ASER 2019 tasks for this domain comprise sorting by color, spatial awareness, seriation, pattern recognition, and puzzle.
  • Early language: Language is an essential skill for communication, needed to express and communicate thoughts, feelings and needs, as well as to understand and have conversations with others. Language is also the foundation for literacy. The ability to read begins when children learn to connect shapes of written letters with their sounds. Comprehension is essential to make meaning of any communication. ASER 2019 tasks to provide a snapshot of early language acquisition in young children are picture description, listening comprehension, reading (letters, words, a Std I level text), and reading comprehension.
  • Early numeracy: Counting, measurement and sense of quantity are essential early numeracy skills. A strong foundation in early numeracy helps not only in school math but also in everyday life. ASER 2019 tasks to provide a snapshot of young children's early numeracy skills are counting of objects and relative comparison of objects; 1-digit oral word addition and subtraction problems; and 1-digit and 2-digit number recognition, relative comparison, and numeric addition and subtraction tasks.
  • Social and emotional development: The ability to identify their own as well as others' emotions and perspectives, establish and maintain relationships, and take responsible decisions are important skills for all human beings. Helping young children develop these skills early gives them important tools for the future. ASER 2019 tasks in this domain comprise emotion identification, situation to emotion mapping, and situation reaction test.

ASER 'Early Years' retains the core elements of the ASER architecture: it is a sample-based household survey, conducted by local volunteers, using simple and easy to administer tools and formats. Because this is a new target group for ASER, the survey has been conducted in one rural district per state rather than nationwide. As with every ASER, the overall objective of ASER 'Early Years' is to highlight the kinds of abilities that our young children need to build, to generate evidence on scale on the extent to which they are able to do so, and to develop ways of discussing these issues with people across the country - all of these in order to ultimately to enable evidence to be translated into action.

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Tag : Education Report Rural

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