Continuum of Incremental Housing Solutions for Urban Migrant Populations-Gujarat,Rajasthan,Uttar Pradesh- CSR Projects India
 
 
 
 

More Projects

 

Continuum of Incremental Housing Solutions for Urban Migrant Populations

 
 

Organization : Saath Charitable Trust

 
 

Location : Gujarat,Rajasthan,Uttar Pradesh

 
 

Project Description

The housing continuum for a migrant with low income coming to the city follows a somewhat fixed.Saath can cater to the needs at every stage by making value additions. At every different stage, the needs for housing are different for a migrant, and it is critical to address them at every stage as per the specific need to make the slums an inclusive part of the city. The different stages are described as follows:

Stage 0 – Village: The lack of livelihood options thrive unskilled rural workers into construction work. Initially, workers live (with or without family) on the construction site. After completion of the project, they move back to the village or they move along with the builder. After a few years of working like this, they try their luck in the city. In the meantime, they have established a small network there that can provide initial support. Their income during the period is usually Rs. 200-400 per day and they are a migrant community moving from labour colonies of one construction site to another. They are looking for sustainable livelihood options enabling long term stay in the city. 

Stage 1 – Arrival in the City: The migrants find temporary (free) lodging at relatives, friends place or with other contacts in the city. The duration of stay is of 1 to 2 weeks, depending on how quickly the migrant finds paid work and a rented room. In this stage, daily expenses are low and only concern is of travel expenses and food. There are no expenditures on housing. On the other hand, there’s no income regularly. The migrant is looking for access to employment, information, food, transport, health and other services.

Stage 2 – Shared Rented Room: After finding a job the next step is to find a rented room. This is mainly a shared room and the rent is Rs. 400 to 500 per month. The general duration of stay is around 6 months. Monthly income in this stage is stable, meaning that the worker has paid work for at least 20 days a month. The worker at this stage is looking for access to continuous employment, housing, social security, information, food, transport, health and other services.

Stage 3 – Individual Rented Place: The following step is to rent an individual place. The family left behind in the village now can move to the city. With more family members being able to work, their income reaches up to Rs. 10,000 per month.  A private single room place will cost Rs. 1,000 to 1,500 a month and a 2-room house will cost around Rs. 3,000. The duration of stay is from one to five years. The family is now looking for access to information and services for housing and employment, social security, vocational training, healthy food, health services, access to clean water and good sanitary conditions, remittance, affordable transport, education and entertainment.

Stage 4 – Owned Shack: The income of more than Rs. 10,000 per month makes it possible to save some money. After a while, a basic shack is bought from household savings. A kaccha (non-concrete) house costs between Rupees 1,50,000 to 2,00,000, depending on the area. A family lives there for approximately two years before they start to incrementally upgrade their house. The needs of the family at this stage are access to information and services for housing and employment, social security, vocational training, health services, access to clean water and hygienic-sanitary conditions, remittance, affordable transport, education, entertainment, access to cheap labor and materials.

Stage 5 – Consolidated House: Increased income of Rs. 10,000-12,000 per month and savings are utilized to consolidate the house. In a period of 5 to 7 years, the family upgrades their house to a semi-pucca or pucca house in 1 or 2 renovations. The cost of the renovation is between Rs. 1 to 1.5 lakh in total or Rs. 25,000 to 30,000 per year. The needs of the family at this stage are focused on access to information and services for housing and employment, social security, health services, access to clean water and good sanitary conditions, remittance, affordable transport, education, entertainment, access to cheap labor and materials, access to microfinance, bank account, certification, and documents.

Stage 6 – Formal Housing: A stable income of more than Rs. 15,000 per month and the ability to save finally leads to buying formal property. The family then sells their consolidated house, which by now is worth around Rs. 4 lakhs. A 1RK apartment in a legal housing scheme for EWS and LIG families costs between Rs. 4 to 6 lakhs. The needs of the family at this stage are for social security, health services, remittance, affordable transport, education, entertainment; access to microfinance, bank account, certification and documents; access to affordable housing schemes, budgeting, and financial literacy.

As explained in the above stages, the estimated timeline for the housing cycle in an informal settlement, from arrival in the city to formal housing, is 10 years in total in the natural course of development.

 
 
 
 

Project Type : Donor funded

 
 

Special Features of Project

 

The project is about working towards housing availability to migrants in such a way that policy level changes can take place in the long run making the process quicker to acquire affordable houses for migrants. For better service facilitation, support from the local government authorities will be sought. 

 
 

Project Donors and Partners

Ford Foundation
 
 
 

Explore CSR Projects

Contribution towards Disaster Relief Fund

Contribution towards Disaster Relief Fund

Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Limited
Holistic Care for Cancer Children

Holistic Care for Cancer Children

Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Limited
Holistic Care for Vunerable undeserved Girls

Holistic Care for Vunerable undeserved Girls

Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Limited